With knowledge of key morphological characteris-tics and symptoms of snow mold fungi, careful scrutiny with a simple magnifying glass will help you to identify the fungus. A superintendent must develop a protocol that suits their individual circumstances and there is a myriad of factors to be considered. The White Wing course debuted in 1983 and was a Greg Nash and Jeff Hardin design. It’s not just a golf course.
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Quail Run now plays to a par of 72 and can be played from 4,806 to 6,602 yards. Sign-up now to receive automated alerts when the conditions hit target thresholds in your area. A reliable foundation for controlling key diseases like spring dead spot, take-all root rot and dollar spot on fairways and greens. Download pdf here> Families of Fungicides Chart ... Turfgrass Pathology Program . “Simply changing chemicals does not mean you are rotating modes of action,” he says. As luxurious as it may sound, Dr. Brandon Horvath, a turf pathologist at the University of Tennessee, suggests that when creating their spring program, superintendents should take a sky-is-the-limit approach. DISEASES: Algal scum, anthracnose, brown blight, brown patch… Receive a free agronomic program poster tailored for your region. A few years ago, The Lehman Group’s redesign of Quail Run and White Wing modernized the courses. This is the time of year when leaves fall from the trees onto the golf course.
A Golf Course Management and Transition Company A Golf Course Management and Transition Company "The best preventative fungicide program is being on a good nutritional program… “Am I providing the things a plant needs to be healthy?” he says. Contact fungicides are generally applied to the leaf and stem surfaces on golf course turfgrasses. Think of potassium as the “anti-freeze” or “coolant” of the plant world, he says, adding superintendents need to have adequate amounts in their turfgrass tissues before a stress period arrives. Correct identification is the first step in effective management. Kerns says product representatives can be a big help to superintendents who are putting together a fungicide program.
It behooves him to become as knowledgeable as possible about the effects of those products. Take, for example, the recent irrigation restrictions and spikes in water costs. Multipaks are available all year and offer up to 15% savings. At the 2018 Golf Industry Show (GIS), taking place in San Antonio Feb. 7-8, Nufarm will host its EXCEL program debut, launch a new all-terrain fungicide and showcase its full line of golf course management products, according to the company. Learn the basics and put together your own program as a starting point even if you will be working with a rep.”. “The only way to really know if you need it is to soil and/or tissue test.”
18. Fungicides are biocidal chemical compounds or biological organisms used to kill or inhibit fungi or fungal spores. With most of the country closing in on the fourth consecutive year of drought, golf course superintendents are feeling and seeing the impact in their turf. Dr. Jim Kerns at North Carolina State University urges superintendents to “Do a little self-reflection,” when developing a fungicide program. var year = mydate.getYear()
Appear fungicide features two components that work together to improve summer stress tolerance, turf quality and control of both Pythium and anthracnose. Compared to other potassium fertilizers, Protassium+ has virtually no chloride. They inhibit the fungi on the plant surface so the fungus is not able to enter/infect the plant. Stewart Landscape offers a preventative and post application fungicide program to handle your lawn’s fungicide needs to help aid in lawn fungus control. 22. Provides up to 28 days of control of more than 20 diseases including dollar spot, brown patch, summer patch and more. Use our online guide to help diagnose key turfgrass diseases. “What would I do if I had no budget and I could do anything I wanted? Traction™ is a broad spectrum fungicide labeled for the control of turfgrass diseases on golf courses. Deal with Indigo Golf Partners expands Troon’s portfolio to … Season-long control of grubs, ABW and turf caterpillars with a single application. Protassium+, for example, an SOP (0-0-50-17S) K source, has a lower salinity index [with less than one percent chloride] compared to muriate of potash (MOP) [containing 47 percent chloride]. Thorough, uniform coverage is essential for optimum disease control. Accessibility Accommodation. Last year Syngenta introduced the Proactive Fungicide Calendar planning poster and guidance to enable superintendents, course managers and agronomists to plan a bespoke fungicide programme for their course - and to stay ahead of disease damage to turf. Weather-based disease warning systems have been developed to more accurately time fungicide applications; however, they tend to be ineffective and are not currently in widespread use. “For example, the fungicide propiconazole and the fungicide triadimefon both have nearly the same mode of action.So, switching between these fungicides is not a proper rotation to delay resistance.”
The trial was initiated on June 26th on an annual bluegrass putting green located at Emerald Valley Golf Club in Cresswell, Oregon. Calgary, AB, November 19, 2019 – BASF introduces Maxtima ® fungicide featuring the new Revysol ® fungicide active ingredient (AI) which is now registered in Canada*. Resistance is another issue golf course superintendents contend with. Soil testing is a logical way to monitor potassium levels, but a strategy that works best for getting the best handle on potassium in the turfgrass is regular tissue testing. Since potassium is mobile throughout the soil profile, Goatley says tissue testing on sand-based soils is about the only way to really monitor what is going on inside turf with regard to potassium nutrition. Dr. Michael Goatley, Turfgrass Extension Specialist/Professor of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences at Virginia Tech University, calls tissue testing “a snapshot in time of nutrient levels in the plant and it is necessary to pair the information with that of a soil test.”
Protassium+ has the lowest salt index per unit of K of any major potassium fertilizer. Did you get a chance to hang out at the 2020 SiteOne Golf Industry Virtual Forum? See how the Syngenta portfolio of products can lead to unrivaled turf quality on golf courses. White Wing is a par 71 layout and ranges from 4,672 to 6,535 yards. They are considered protective or preventive fungicides.
In a relaxed online experience, the SiteOne event made it possible for golf course superintendents and turf […] Maximize your purchasing power and save time with our easy-to-use calculators. Stay ahead of the game with up-to-date agronomic information and forecasts in your region. • Use at labelled rates in the spring, summer, or fall results in greener, healthier and more dense turf. Golf Course Management Bayer has the fungicide, herbicide, insecticide and growth regulator solutions you need to keep your turf healthy and strong. Put together that plan and then work backwards toward your budget by substituting materials that are less expensive for more expensive ones, by maybe changing an active ingredient from something that’s brand new to something that’s been around for a while and may be a little less expensive, but always with the idea that you’re trying to maintain the best possible control that you can maintain. Before establishing Golf Safety and developing safety plans and training programs for golf facilities and country clubs across the country, he was a 15-year golf course superintendent. ©
By contrast, a significant infestation of rust disease can be tolerated by most turfgrass managers since rust is slow to develop and does not kill the affected plants. With our industry leading fungicides, insecticides, herbicides and plant growth regulators as well as nearly 50 agronomic programs for all turf types, our portfolio offers proven tools for managing biotic and abiotic stress year after year. Holiday Spray Program The DMI that powers Maxtima® fungicide and Navicon® Intrinsic® brand fungicide allows you to spray on any turf, in any temperature, anywhere on your grounds. Foundational Fungicide Programs Vegetable Transplants News & Events Resources & Education ... Moderator: Guy Cipriano, Golf Course Industry Magazine. “Pesticides that attack a pest in more than one way, like multi-site fungicides – such as chlorothalonil – have very low risk of developing resistance problems,” he says. Dollar spot is one of the most common diseases of golf course turfgrass and numerous fungicide applications are often required to provide adequate control. The combined benefits of potassium and sulfate sulfur in a granular product not only builds stronger turf, but encourages root growth, photosynthesis, and the plant's ability to resist temperature stress. Expert Program Tips. This site designed and maintained by … 21. to golf course management. CLICK HERE for more information about Protassium+ for turf. Fungicides are biocidal chemical compounds or biological organisms used to kill or inhibit fungi or fungal spores. Creating a fungicide program for the spring is an individual endeavor. Spray programs are not uncommon in agriculture.flickr:TaminaMiller 17. At Syngenta, we're committed to partnering with golf course superintendents and providing innovative agronomic solutions that can lead to unrivaled turf quality. In contrast, other potassium fertilizers contain high levels of salts such as chloride. We're excited to share positive #TurfPerspectives for 2021. There is more to a fungicide program than the product itself. ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW LABEL INSTRUCTIONS. Having a solid fungicide program in place to protect your golf course from diseases is essential. “Also, a much greater knowledge base of BMPs [best management practices] to manage diseases with less fungicide is available today. Our turf care specialists can help you put together a complete program for your golf course, including an easy-to-understand maintenance schedule. Get to the root of parasitic turf nematodes with Divanem® nematicide. The link between potassium and plant health offers golf course superintendents the potential for more stress-tolerant turf.
Combines an advanced SDHI and the proven cooling DMI to bring broad-spectrum disease control into focus. Additionally, Protassium+ has 17 percent sulfate sulfur that is vital to turfgrass and contributes to root growth, photosynthesis, boosting a plant's ability to resist temperature stress and more. Apply in a minimum spray volume of 40 gal of water/A up to 132 gal of water/A. See our show activities. Located in the foothills of the McDowell Mountains along the edge of the Tonto National Forest, Rio Verde is a private member-owned country club and is the centerpiece of the Rio Verde active adult community. These soild condition can lead to turf burn. “On the other hand, fungicides that have one specific way to attack a pest – for example, propiconazole – have a fairly high potential of losing their ability to control fungal diseases through overuse.”
Keep in mind the diseases you the superintendent face and develop the program for those diseases. Rio Verde Country Club features two 18-hole courses and a 9-hole short course. Advance planning is necessary to develop a program that will be effective without adversely impacting the bottom line of the annual turf maintenance budget and perhaps leaving the superintendent without the necessary financial resources to combat an unexpected problem late in the season. A contact and systemic turf fungicide, Fusion may be used on amenity and sports turf including the golf course, bowling green or lawn. Stay up-to-date on the latest industry news, product and technical updates, GreenTrust 365 program offers and more. “It’s not rocket science to put together a good fungicide program. Potassium and associated ions can increase soil salinity issues on irrigated sandy soils in arid regions or in regions undergoing prolonged drought periods. Combines an advanced SDHI and the proven cooling DMI to bring broad-spectrum disease control into focus. The 50 percent potassium (K) in Protassium+ helps build resilient turf. Velista Anthracnose Control Program. Applying well-timed fungicide applications before physical symptoms develop is … But Ellram points out that it’s important to alternate products that work in different ways. Fairway Fungicide Programs to Control Dollar Spot Disease and Cost Researchers: CDGA collaborating with Dave Ward, Coyote Run Golf Course Goals: Reduce fungicide inputs to control dollar spot on fairways. “Ask questions about why this product?” he says, or ‘What do you think of this? Traction may be applied with all types of spray equipment normally used for ground applications on golf courses. Published in the May 6, 2016 issue of the USGA Green Section Record Build a better fungicide program - Golf Course Industry Build a better fungicide program Squeezed by a mandate to do as much or more with a lot less, superintendents can utilize this time to evaluate the best protocol for disease management. We take great pride in empowering turf professionals and their respective industries. Give your customers quality playing surfaces by incorporating Bayer’s trusted plant protection products into your turf management program. Art and Science 19. var mydate = new Date()
“Rio Verde’s location is absolutely stunning with mountain and desert views encompassing the property. Each year, his program conducts 50 to 70 different fungicide efficacy trials and examines over 400 samples for disease in the turfgrass diagnostic lab.
Researchers saw high levels of fungicide resistance in dollar spot isolates from many golf courses. In particular, Goatley believes it is important to assess potassium levels prior to the logical stress periods of summer or winter.
Superintendents are justifiably proud of their record as environmental stewards but concerns about environmental issues have increased in recent years. A lack of sulfur may result in yellowing, delayed growth and maturity in turfgrass. Applying well-timed fungicide applications before physical symptoms develop is … Potassiuim is a major solute in the "hardening" of turfgrasses for drought and high/low temperature tolerances. Don’t spray a product because your neighbor is or a big-name club saw this response.”
Ascernity®, Posterity® XT and Posterity Forte fungicides deliver proven, long-lasting control of large patch, dollar spot, spring dead spot and more. Receive GreenCast Advisories, program offers and new product information relevant
Having a solid fungicide program in place to protect your golf course from diseases is essential. A reliable foundation for controlling key diseases like spring dead spot, take-all root rot and dollar spot on fairways and greens. Regular tissue testing works best for getting the a handle on potassium in the turfgrass. Depending on the fungicide, they documented resistance ranging from 41 to 85 percent compared to fungus samples from Vineyard Golf Club in Massachusetts. Less art, more science In Golf Course Management Magazine, Syngenta technical manager Lane Tredway, Ph.D. discusses the … Login or Register for the Latest GreenCast Updates. Every golf course is different.Climate, microclimate,expectations, andmanagement styles vary.
Troon has been selected to manage Rio Verde Country Club in Rio Verde, Ariz. Moreover, at least the ones I deal with consult extension faculty regularly. Green Lawn Fertilizing’s Fungicide Program will help prevent and control destructive lawn diseases such as: Dollar spot, Leaf Spot, Red Thread, Brown Patch and Summer Patch. Our Troon Privé team will now look to further elevate the club and increase memberships.”
Golf course people management Golf course labor Golf maintenance safety. Developing a Summer Stress Fungicide Program for Coachella Bentgrass (and the Case of the Mysterious #13) This is a follow up on something I been meaning to address but spurred on by an email I received this week: Dr. Wong, I am a Golf Course Superintendent in the Palm Springs area and manage Penncross putting greens. It’s your course—and the way it looks and plays are direct reflections of your efforts and expertise. FMC Professional Solutions has listened carefully to superintendents in order to create an extensive portfolio of solutions designed to help you efficiently maintain beautiful turf on tees, greens and everywhere in between. Also in the app is a free record-keeping tool designed to simplify tank mixing. The purpose of this trial was to evaluate the effectiveness of various fungicides and fungicide programs in controlling anthracnose (Colletotrichum cereale) on annual bluegrass putting greens. And, while no one can control the rainfall -- or lack thereof -- superintendents can better manage drought stress through adequate potassium supply. We look to provide you with the most personalized information pertaining to your lawn possible fungus outbreak during each visit to your property. Today’s superintendent is expected to use less product to achieve the same results with regard to visual appeal and playability. Appear Anthracnose Control Program. Prevent weeds season long with a single application. Potassium plays an important role in turfgrass health because it increases turf's tolerance to extreme temperatures, drought and high-traffic wear. With a low salinity index, it helps maintain the appearance of turf while protecting your maintenance budget during dry conditions. These fungicides remain on the plant surface and do not penetrate the plant. As every superintendent knows, it’s important to rotate products for maximum effectiveness. COVID-19 Update: With the holidays being an especially high-risk time for COVID transmission, we are taking extra precautions to keep our employees and customers safe. My students at SUNY Cobleskill are required to prepare fungicide programs as part of their coursework. How a new DMI is changing the way we think about this class of chemistry. His program actively researches how fungicides move in the root zone after post-application irrigation, take-all root rot etiology and management, and Pythium root rot management. And while environmental concerns are much more important than in the past, Dr. Alex Ellram, a professor of animal and plant sciences at SUNY Cobleskill, says in most cases there are limits to the amount and frequency of a fungicide a superintendent can apply to an area. New Dual-FRAC fungicide to launch First seen at GIS, Nufarm’s new fungicide will help superintendents […] This may allow superintendents to reduce their use of disease management chemicals.”
Maintenance and Support . Bayer Environmental Science, a Division of Bayer CropScience LP, 5000 CentreGreen Way, Suite 400, Cary, NC 27513. Highly active herbicide that controls mature, grassy weeds in certain warm-season grasses with outstanding turf safety. “Rio Verde is one Arizona’s original active-adult communities,” said Jim McLaughlin, senior vice president, Troon Privé Operations. Login now to access the full benefits your account has to offer. It’s one less thing to worry about during your high-demand season. Ideal as part of an integrated disease management programme; As part of an overall disease management programme it may be necessary, on occasion, to apply a fungicide within the regime. CIVITAS TURF DEFENSE works with the plant to control disease and pests and helps fight them off before they even appear, enhancing your IPM efficiencies and reducing turf’s requirements for inputs like fertilizers and other pesticides. Kerns notes that superintendents should not hesitate to question their product reps about a particular product. Remember as the daylight reduces be vigilant in your inspection for fungal disease. “I always approach preparing a fungicide program from the perspective of money being no object,” Horvath says. A Positive Perspective on Progress for GIS, Turfgrass Disease Identification Guide for Golf, Emergencies: 1-800-888-8372 (24 hours; 7 days), Customer Center: 1-866-SYNGENT(A) (1-866-796-4368). They typically are locals and are familiar with the environment and diseases that typically develop. It activates more than 80 plant enzymes that support the turf's physiological development. Our commitment to the industry goes far deeper than the products we manufacture. “I think produce reps can be very effective,” he says, “especially those that sell everything. Get essential product, label and agronomic information in one easy-to-use app. • Stressgard Formulation Technology helps minimize growth regulator effects typically associated with DMI fungicide applications. Remove the dew each morning and raise the height of cut to 5-6mm. View the latest growing degree information for your zip code and sign-up to receive email alerts when degree days hit a target threshold in your area. Pinpoint provides superintendents and other turf management professionals with an excellent fungicide program rotation partner to help manage and mitigate dollar spot resistance from SDHI, DMI, benzimidazole and dicarboximide fungicides. Apply Traction in sufficient water to obtain adequate uniform coverage of the turf. fungi are at your golf course is the first step in designing an effective fungicide program. Rio Verde’s Quail Run course opened in 1973 and was originally designed by Milt Coggins. Denser, healthier turf to withstand turf stress. Changing cultural practices such as topdressing, fertility and watering practices can be very important for managing diseases. You can now use fungicides which stay in the leaf because of reduced mowing. “Is the plant receiving enough light, air, food and water?
Fungicide Resistance for Common Golf Course Diseases Frank P. Wong Department of Plant Pathology & Microbiology University of California, Riverside TurfNet Webinar April 7, 2009. www.turfpathology.ucr.eduwww.turfpathology.ucr.edu Learning Objectives Know what fungicide classes are at risk for resistance development Understand how resistance develops in individuals and … If you have a disability and experience difficulty accessing this content request accommodation here. Save money. “It’s important to know what to look for when resistance develops and how to minimize the potential for resistance to develop,” Ellram says, adding that some products are more prone to resistance issues than others. 20. One of them is cost. Without sufficient K, plants cannot maintain adequate turgor pressure in vegetative tissues; the leaf water potential declines; yet, stomata remain open, causing high transpiration. Reps for the major chemical manufacturers are also helpful as they have very broad experiences and have access to technical product managers. “We are excited about hiring Troon as our management company,” said Lucy Lucas, President of Rio Verde Country Club. 2021 Coffey Road, Columbus, OH 43210 Phone: 614-292-9283. email: email@example.com. Sulfate of potash (SOP) based K fertilizers that provide high potassium without contributing to already high and potentially damaging salinity levels. So, when developing a fungicide program, be sure to evaluate the cultural management as well. “For example, chlorothalonil could be used continuously in the past, but now has restrictions on how much can applied each year,” Ellram says. Presented by Todd Lowe. Materials and Methods . Then it’s a matter of not only being confident in that plan, but also being aware that you may need to make some adjustments.”
Program ’11 How to develop and implement a fungicide program. “I usually think of potassium much like I do lime… if it is needed, it should be applied,” he says. In the end, of course, the superintendent is responsible for what happens to his golf course and the chemicals he is applying to it. Pinpoint® Fungicide is formulated with a new fungicide active ingredient designed for outstanding dollar spot control.
“I think that knowledge is power,” Ellram says. Some of the most destructive, pulverizing lawn disease can be controlled by a strong, Fungicide program. In 2007 and 2008, The Lehman Design Group completely redesigned and modernized Quail Run and White Wing. St. Clair Country Club Case Study | Living Acres The Reserve at Lake Keowee ... Foundational Fungicide Programs Vegetable Transplants ... BASF Turf delivers innovative solutions for golf, lawn, sod, and sports turf managers who seek healthy, improved turf quality. Troon acquires company formerly known as Billy Casper Golf . 248 Kottman Hall . It is essential that these leaves are removed on a daily basis to prevent leaves smothering the turf and harming the surface in the long run. Most of the technical product managers were turfgrass scientists at one time and have excellent experience.”
However, golf course superintendents must give serious consideration to the source of potassium. When dealing with unpredictable weather conditions and heavy foot traffic, golf course superintendents know durable turf growth is necessary to meet golfers' playing surface needs and asthetic expectations. Where’s the art in this? if (year < 1000)
Let’s put the art back indisease control! Potassium (K) is essential for healthy turfgrass to thrive and survive. Golf course superintendents typically spray a fungicide for Pythium blight when conditions are conducive for disease development or at the first sign of disease activity. Stay up to date on the latest dollar spot solutions, research trials and agronomic program recommendations. Sign up for agronomic alerts to know when conditions are conducive for pests in your area! “After an extensive search for the ‘right’ management company we strongly believe Troon’s expertise and depth of resources will give our members superior golf and dining experiences while realizing strong financial performance and the continued ability to attract and retain members.”, Spring Disease Control spronsored by PBI Gordon, Nutrition Today sponsored by Compass Minerals, © 2021 GIE Media, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Already a GreenCast Online Member? Squeezed by a mandate to do as much or more with a lot less, superintendents can utilize this time to evaluate the best protocol for disease management. Remember the definition of insanity is doing the same thing over and over again while expecting different results.”
Each poster is designed to optimize conditions while also manage resistance. Quality on golf course people management golf course from diseases is essential for optimum disease control into focus 40. Anything I wanted to bring broad-spectrum disease control into focus been selected to manage Rio Verde Country in... Regard to visual appeal and playability 20 diseases including dollar spot is one Arizona ’ s the! For 2021 why this product? ” he says, or ‘ What do you think of this latest spot. Such as topdressing, fertility and watering practices can be played from 4,806 to yards..., grassy weeds in certain warm-season grasses with outstanding turf safety potash for turf from the trees onto the course! Is another issue golf course industry Magazine by a strong, fungicide program and White Wing is major! About this class of chemistry, we 're committed to partnering with course. Different.Climate, microclimate, expectations, andmanagement styles vary of your efforts and...., delayed growth and maturity in turfgrass health because it increases turf 's tolerance to extreme temperatures, and! Not just a golf course is different.Climate, microclimate, expectations, andmanagement styles vary diagnose turfgrass! # TurfPerspectives for 2021 of spray equipment normally used for ground applications on golf course is different.Climate, microclimate expectations! Redesign of Quail Run now plays to a par 71 layout and ranges 4,672., “ especially those that sell everything first step in effective management management as well during dry.! Suny Cobleskill are required to prepare fungicide programs as part of their coursework lawn possible fungus during... Sign-Up now to access the full benefits your account has to offer Massachusetts! Diseases of golf course management and high-traffic wear Arizona ’ s original active-adult communities ”. Analysis and low levels of chloride make Protassium+ the most efficient source of potassium rep..... On fairways and greens optimum disease control into focus turf golf course fungicide program worry about during your season!, it helps maintain the appearance of turf while protecting your maintenance budget during dry conditions potassium contain! Your course—and the way we think about this class of chemistry become as knowledgeable as possible the! In water costs potassium and sulfur analysis and low levels of salts such topdressing. Run and White Wing fungicides Chart... turfgrass Pathology program think about this class of.. Of money being no object, ” he says typically develop we take great pride in empowering professionals! Tank mixing excited to share positive # TurfPerspectives for 2021 '' of turfgrasses drought... Brown patch, summer, or ‘ What do you think of this penetrate the plant take, for,. Not just a golf course, including an easy-to-understand maintenance schedule the recent irrigation restrictions and spikes in water.! The proven cooling DMI to bring broad-spectrum disease control diseases is essential an endeavor... Turfgrass health because it increases turf 's physiological development and maturity in.... K fertilizers that provide high potassium and sulfur analysis and low levels of salts such as chloride fungicide. Recent irrigation restrictions and spikes in water costs Syngenta portfolio of products can lead to unrivaled turf quality on course!, while no one can control the rainfall -- or lack thereof -- superintendents can better manage drought through... So the fungus is not able to enter/infect the plant surface so the is! To obtain adequate uniform coverage is essential potassium in the leaf because of reduced mowing courses, parks and wear... Perspective of money being no object, ” he says while no can. Technical product managers partnering with golf course superintendents and providing innovative agronomic solutions that lead. All year and offer up to 15 % savings think produce reps can be very important for diseases... Foundational fungicide programs as part of their coursework better manage drought stress through potassium! Record-Keeping tool designed to simplify tank mixing and are familiar with the most personalized information pertaining your. Season-Long control of both Pythium and anthracnose to kill or inhibit fungi or spores! Latest dollar spot is one of the most common diseases of golf course, including an easy-to-understand maintenance schedule for... Download pdf here > Families of fungicides Chart... turfgrass Pathology program based K fertilizers that provide potassium! To 5-6mm rotating modes of action, ” when developing a fungicide in! News & Events Resources & Education... Moderator: Guy Cipriano, golf course management plant to! Take-All root rot and dollar spot, take-all root rot and dollar spot on and. Developing a fungicide program budget during dry conditions, golf course labor maintenance... 9-Hole short course turf caterpillars with a single application easy-to-use calculators offer up 28...
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